Accused of a fallacy? Suspect a fallacy? Ask Dr. Bo and the community!

Quickly register to comment, ask and respond to questions, and get FREE access to our passive online course on cognitive biases!
Register!

one moment please...



Appeal to Equality

(also known as:  appeal to egalitarianism, appeal to equity)

Description: An assertion is deemed true or false based on an assumed pretense of equality, where what exactly is "equal" is not made clear, and not supported by the argument.

Example #1:

If women get paid maternity leave, so should men.

Explanation: There are some good reasons that men should get some form of paid paternity leave, but they are not present in this argument. There is an unstated assumption that what benefits women get, for whatever reason, men should get the same. This begs the question.

Example #2:

Gay marriage should be the law of the land because gays should have the same rights as heterosexuals.

Explanation: What do the "same rights" mean? Before gay marriage, men had the right to marry women, and women had the right to marry men. A man marrying a man is a different form of the "right of marriage" and needs to be argued as such. Again, there are many excellent arguments for gay marriage, but this isn't one of them.

Example #3:

Why should unborn babies not have human rights, yet a day later when they exit the womb, they do have human rights? Clearly, unborn babies deserve to have the same human rights as the rest of us.

Explanation: This argument makes the assumption that unborn babies and babies outside the womb are equal, and ignores the fact that one is dependent on the resources of the mother's body to survive. Like with gay marriage, there are many excellent arguments for extending human rights to unborn babies, but due to the appeal to equality, this isn't one of them.

Tip: Don't get outraged when one questions what you believe should be "equal." Very often, either you really mean "similar" or you and your opponent have different concepts of what exactly should be equal.

References:

This a logical fallacy frequently used on the Internet. No academic sources could be found.



Registered User Comments


Become a Logical Fallacy Master. Choose Your Poison.

Logically Fallacious is one of the most comprehensive collections of logical fallacies with all original examples and easy to understand descriptions; perfect for educators, debaters, or anyone who wants to improve his or her reasoning skills.

Get the book, Logically Fallacious by Bo Bennett, PhD by selecting one of the following options:


Not Much of a Reader? No Problem!

Enroll in the Mastering Logical Fallacies Online Course. Over 10 hours of video and interactive learning. Go beyond the book!

Enroll in the Fallacy-A-Day Passive Course. Sit back and learn fallacies the easy way—in just a few minutes per day, via e-mail delivery.

Have a podcast or know someone who does? Putting on a conference? Dr. Bennett is available for interviews and public speaking events. Contact him directly here.


About Archieboy Holdings, LLC. Privacy Policy Other Books Written by Bo
 Website Design and Software Copyright 2017, Archieboy Holdings, LLC.