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Welcome! This is the place to ask the community of experts and other fallacyophites (I made up that word) if someone has a committed a fallacy or not. This is a great way to settle a dispute! This is also the home of the "Mastering Logical Fallacies" student support.


Dr. Bo's Criteria for Logical Fallacies:

  1. It must be an error in reasoning not a factual error.
  2. It must be commonly applied to an argument either in the form of the argument or in the interpretation of the argument.
  3. It must be deceptive in that it often fools the average adult.

Therefore, we will define a logical fallacy as a concept within argumentation that commonly leads to an error in reasoning due to the deceptive nature of its presentation. Logical fallacies can comprise fallacious arguments that contain one or more non-factual errors in their form or deceptive arguments that often lead to fallacious reasoning in their evaluation.

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Seann

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Seann


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election
politics
Sat, Aug 31, 2019 - 12:48 AM

What logical fallacies are being used in this situation?

This seems to be a common occurrence now with the upcoming elections . It goes like this:

1. None of my friends and family support candidate X, so "no one" supports X.

Which then leads to:
2. Because "no one" supports Candidate X, if they win, it was because the election was rigged.

I think there's multiple logical fallacies involved but I'm not sure what they are. And it's unfortunate that so many people do this line of thinking when it comes to politics.



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Abdulazeez Alabbasi

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Abdulazeez Alabbasi


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Print Sat, Aug 31, 2019 - 01:21 AM
None of my friends and family support candidate X, so "no one" supports X.
That would be a hasty generalization fallacy as the person takes a very limited sample (their friends and family) and fallacious asserts that nobody supports the candidate based on the fact that their family and friends don't support that candidate.
As for the second argument where they conclude that if the candidate wins the election was rigged, this is not a fallacious argument but rather an argument that contains a factual error (the error being that nobody supports the candidate).


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Bo Bennett, PhD
Author of Logically Fallacious

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Bo Bennett, PhD

Author of Logically Fallacious

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About Bo Bennett, PhD

Bo's personal motto is "Expose an irrational belief, keep a person rational for a day. Expose irrational thinking, keep a person rational for a lifetime."  Much of his charitable work is in the area of education—not teaching people what to think, but how to think.  His projects include his book, The Concept: A Critical and Honest Look at God and Religion, and Logically Fallacious, the most comprehensive collection of logical fallacies.  Bo's personal blog is called Relationship With Reason, where he writes about several topics related to critical thinking.  His secular (humanistic) philosophy is detailed at PositiveHumanism.com.
Bo is currently the producer and host of The Humanist Hour, the official broadcast of the American Humanist Association, where he can be heard weekly discussing a variety of humanistic issued, mostly related to science, psychology, philosophy, and critical thinking.

Full bio can be found at http://www.bobennett.com
Print Sat, Aug 31, 2019 - 06:49 AM
I would just add that this can also be a biased sample fallacy, using only family and friends if one's family and friends have the same political leanings. Otherwise, hasty generalization fallacy fits nicely as well.
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William Harpine, Ph.D.

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William Harpine, Ph.D.


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Print Sat, Aug 31, 2019 - 11:19 AM
Yep. Basically hasty generalization, combined with a good bit of good old-fashioned narrow-mindedness.


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